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Sodium chloride preparations (saline and oral salt tablets): Patient drug information

Sodium chloride preparations (saline and oral salt tablets): Patient drug information

(For additional information see "Sodium chloride preparations (saline and oral salt tablets): Drug information" and see "Sodium chloride preparations (saline and oral salt tablets): Pediatric drug information")

You must carefully read the "Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer" below in order to understand and correctly use this information.

Brand Names: US
  • 4-Way Saline [OTC];
  • Afrin Saline Nasal Mist [OTC];
  • Altachlore [OTC];
  • Altamist Spray [OTC];
  • Atrapro Dermal Spray;
  • Ayr Nasal Mist Allergy/Sinus [OTC];
  • Ayr Saline Nasal Drops [OTC];
  • Ayr Saline Nasal Gel [OTC];
  • Ayr Saline Nasal Neti Rinse [OTC];
  • Ayr Saline Nasal No-Drip [OTC];
  • AYR Saline Nasal Rinse [OTC];
  • Ayr Saline Nasal [OTC];
  • Ayr [OTC];
  • Baby Ayr Saline [OTC];
  • Deep Sea Nasal Spray [OTC];
  • DiaB Klenz [OTC] [DSC];
  • Entsol Nasal [OTC] [DSC];
  • HyperSal;
  • Liquivida Hydration [DSC];
  • MicroKlenz Wound Cleanser [OTC] [DSC];
  • Muro 128 [OTC];
  • Nasal Moist [OTC];
  • Nebusal;
  • Ocean Complete Sinus Rinse [OTC];
  • Ocean for Kids [OTC];
  • Ocean Nasal Spray [OTC];
  • Ocean Ultra Saline Mist [OTC];
  • Pretz Irrigation [OTC];
  • Pretz Natur Moist Nasal Spray [OTC];
  • Pretz [OTC];
  • PulmoSal;
  • RadiaKlenz [OTC] [DSC];
  • Remedy 4-in-1 Body Cleanser [OTC] [DSC];
  • Rhinaris [OTC] [DSC];
  • Safe Wash [OTC];
  • Saline Flush ZR [DSC];
  • Saline Mist Spray [OTC];
  • Saljet Rinse [OTC];
  • Saljet [OTC];
  • Sochlor [OTC] [DSC];
  • SwabFlush Saline Flush [DSC];
  • Ultra-Klenz [OTC];
  • Wound Wash Saline [OTC]
Brand Names: Canada
  • Addipak Sodium Chloride;
  • Aquapak;
  • Ballard Unit Dose
What is this drug used for?
  • Injection and tablet:
  • It is used to treat low sodium levels.
  • Injection:
  • It is used to treat fluid loss.
  • It is used to mix with a drug that is given as a shot.
  • Flush:
  • It is used to flush IV sets and access devices.
  • Liquid for breathing in:
  • It is used to thin mucus so it can be taken from the body by coughing.
  • It is used to mix with other drugs for use in a special machine (nebulizer).
  • All nose products:
  • It is used to treat dry or irritated nose passages.
  • It is used to thin fluid in the nose passages.
  • All skin products:
  • It is used to clean wounds.
  • For use in the eye:
  • It is used to lower swelling.
  • All products:
  • It may be given to you for other reasons. Talk with the doctor.
What do I need to tell my doctor BEFORE I take this drug?
  • All products:
  • If you are allergic to this drug; any part of this drug; or any other drugs, foods, or substances. Tell your doctor about the allergy and what signs you had.
  • Injection and tablet:
  • If you have high sodium levels or swelling.
  • This is not a list of all drugs or health problems that interact with this drug.
  • Tell your doctor and pharmacist about all of your drugs (prescription or OTC, natural products, vitamins) and health problems. You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take this drug with all of your drugs and health problems. Do not start, stop, or change the dose of any drug without checking with your doctor.
What are some things I need to know or do while I take this drug?
  • All products:
  • Tell all of your health care providers that you take this drug. This includes your doctors, nurses, pharmacists, and dentists.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, plan on getting pregnant, or are breast-feeding. You will need to talk about the benefits and risks to you and the baby.
  • Injection and tablet:
  • If you are on a low-salt or salt-free diet, talk with your doctor.
  • Have blood work checked as you have been told by the doctor. Talk with the doctor.
  • Injection:
  • This drug may contain aluminum. There is a chance of aluminum toxicity if you are on this drug for a long time. The risk is greater if you have kidney problems. The risk is also higher in premature infants. Talk with the doctor.
  • All eye products:
  • Use care when driving or doing other tasks that call for clear eyesight.
What are some side effects that I need to call my doctor about right away?
  • WARNING/CAUTION: Even though it may be rare, some people may have very bad and sometimes deadly side effects when taking a drug. Tell your doctor or get medical help right away if you have any of the following signs or symptoms that may be related to a very bad side effect:
  • All products:
  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness in the chest or throat; trouble breathing, swallowing, or talking; unusual hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Injection and tablet:
  • Signs of electrolyte problems like mood changes; confusion; muscle pain, cramps, or spasms; weakness; shakiness; change in balance; an abnormal heartbeat; seizures; loss of appetite; or severe upset stomach or throwing up.
  • Shortness of breath, a big weight gain, or swelling in the arms or legs.
  • Injection:
  • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
  • Fever or chills.
  • Shakiness.
  • Chest pain or pressure or a fast heartbeat.
  • Flushing.
  • Burning, stinging, or redness where this drug goes into the body.
  • Pain and irritation where this drug goes into the body.
  • All eye products:
  • Change in eyesight, eye pain, or severe eye irritation.
What are some other side effects of this drug?
  • All drugs may cause side effects. However, many people have no side effects or only have minor side effects. Call your doctor or get medical help if any of these side effects or any other side effects bother you or do not go away:
  • All eye products:
  • Burning.
  • Eye irritation.
  • Tablets:
  • Upset stomach or throwing up.
  • All nose products:
  • Nose irritation.
  • These are not all of the side effects that may occur. If you have questions about side effects, call your doctor. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
  • You may report side effects to your national health agency.
How is this drug best taken?
  • Use this drug as ordered by your doctor. Read all information given to you. Follow all instructions closely.
  • Tablets:
  • Take tablets with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
  • You may dissolve the tablet in water and drink.
  • Injection:
  • It is given as an infusion into a vein over a period of time.
  • Liquid for breathing in:
  • You will use by breathing in from the mouth with a special machine (nebulizer). Your doctor will teach you the right way to use.
  • All nose products:
  • Do not take this drug by mouth. Use in your nose only. Keep out of your mouth and eyes (may burn).
  • All skin products:
  • Wash your hands before and after use. If your hand is the treated area, do not wash your hand after use.
  • Clean affected part before use. Make sure to dry well.
  • All eye products:
  • For the eye only.
  • Wash your hands before and after use.
  • Take out contact lenses before using this drug. Lenses may be put back in 15 minutes after this drug is given. Do not put contacts back in if your eyes are irritated or infected.
  • Do not touch the container tip to the eye, lid, or other skin. This could lead to bacteria in the drug, which may cause severe eye problems or loss of eyesight.
  • Eye drops:
  • Tilt your head back and drop drug into the eye.
  • Gently press the skin under the lower eyelid and pull the lower eyelid away from the eye slightly until you can see a small pouch.
  • After use, keep your eyes closed. Put pressure on the inside corner of the eye. Do this for 1 to 2 minutes. This keeps the drug in your eye.
  • Do not use if the solution is cloudy, leaking, or has particles.
  • Do not use if solution changes color.
  • Eye ointment:
  • Gently pull down the lower lid and squeeze in how much the doctor told you to use.
  • Let go of the lower eyelid and keep eyes closed for 1 to 2 minutes.
What do I do if I miss a dose?
  • Injection and flush:
  • Call your doctor to find out what to do.
  • All other products:
  • If you use this drug on a regular basis, use a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
  • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
  • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
  • Many times this drug is used on an as needed basis. Do not use more often than told by the doctor.
How do I store and/or throw out this drug?
  • Injection and flush:
  • If you need to store this drug at home, talk with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about how to store it.
  • All other products:
  • Store at room temperature in a dry place. Do not store in a bathroom.
  • Protect from heat.
  • All products:
  • Keep all drugs in a safe place. Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
  • Throw away unused or expired drugs. Do not flush down a toilet or pour down a drain unless you are told to do so. Check with your pharmacist if you have questions about the best way to throw out drugs. There may be drug take-back programs in your area.
General drug facts
  • If your symptoms or health problems do not get better or if they become worse, call your doctor.
  • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
  • Some drugs may have another patient information leaflet. If you have any questions about this drug, please talk with your doctor, nurse, pharmacist, or other health care provider.
  • If you think there has been an overdose, call your poison control center or get medical care right away. Be ready to tell or show what was taken, how much, and when it happened.
Last Reviewed Date2021-07-09
Consumer Information Use and Disclaimer
  • This generalized information is a limited summary of diagnosis, treatment, and/or medication information. It is not meant to be comprehensive and should be used as a tool to help the user understand and/or assess potential diagnostic and treatment options. It does NOT include all information about conditions, treatments, medications, side effects, or risks that may apply to a specific patient. It is not intended to be medical advice or a substitute for the medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment of a health care provider based on the health care provider's examination and assessment of a patient's specific and unique circumstances. Patients must speak with a health care provider for complete information about their health, medical questions, and treatment options, including any risks or benefits regarding use of medications. This information does not endorse any treatments or medications as safe, effective, or approved for treating a specific patient. UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates disclaim any warranty or liability relating to this information or the use thereof. The use of this information is governed by the Terms of Use, available at https://www.wolterskluwer.com/en/know/clinical-effectiveness-terms.
  • © 2022 UpToDate, Inc. and its affiliates and/or licensors. All rights reserved.
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