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Pain scales for conscious patients

Pain scales for conscious patients
(A) Visual analog scale (VAS).
(B) Numerical rating scale (NRS).
(C) Verbal rating scale (VRS) or Verbal descriptor scale (VRS).
(D) FACES pain rating scale.
(C) Reproduced with permission from: Wong DL, Hockenberry-Eaton M, Wilson D, et al. Wong's Essentials of Pediatric Nursing, 6th ed. Mosby, St. Louis, 2001. p.301. Copyright © 2001 Elsevier.
(D) Bieri, D, Reeve, RA, Champion, GD, et al. Pain 1990; 41:139. Copyright © 1990 with permission from Elsevier Science.
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